Cheap flights to LondonLondon is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and is the largest urban area in the European Union . Along with New York , Paris and Tokyo , London is considered one of the four major global cities in the world . The population of London is about 10.6 million people (2012 ) .
The River Thames flows past London and there were many bridges built . The most famous among them is the Tower Bridge ( Tower Bridge ) , built in the late 19th century, close to the fortress Tower ( Tower of London , " Tower of London " ) and hence the name . Other bridges over the Thames in central London ( east to west ) are London Bridge ( London Bridge ) , Southwark Bridge ( Southwark Bridge ) , pedestrian Millennium Bridge ( Millennium Bridge ) , opened in 2000 , Blekfrayars Bridge ( Blackfriars Bridge) , Waterloo Bridge ( Waterloo Bridge) and Westminster Bridge ( Westminster Bridge ) . At the river are situated the modern " London Eye " ( London Eye ) - a giant observation wheel with 137 meters - and the indoor hall Millennium Dome ( Millennium Dome) , built in honor of the arrival of the third millennium . In 2008, the Millennium Dome transformed into an entertainment center The O2 . London Underground dates from 1863 and was the first subway in the world . One of the longest lines are the Central Line , Circle, Victoria and District lines . The latest and fast line of the London Underground 's Jubilee line . Metro has 260 stations . Mayor of London Boris Johnson has been since May 2008 . Before 2000 the city had no mayor and no church setting . One of the biggest attractions in London are the building of the Parliament with its famous clock tower , Big Ben , Westminster Abbey , where the coronation , weddings and funerals take place of the royal family , Buckingham Palace - the residence of the royal family , St. Paul's Cathedral , Trafalgar Square and Piccadilly Circus . Under the city's attractions are the Museum of wax figures of Madame Tussauds , the British Museum and the Museum of Natural History . The main shopping street is London's Oxford Street ( Oxford Street ) . London is also famous for its red double-decker buses and red telephone boxes , which catch the eye of every newly arrived tourist. The city has six airports - Heathrow , Gatwick , London City , Stansted , Luton and Southend .
London City Airport ( IATA : LCY ) is an airport in London . It is located on a former Docklands site in the London Borough of Newham , ( 11 km , 6.9 miles) east of the City of London and a relatively smaller distance east of Canary Wharf . These are the two centers of the financial sector of London, which is also the major user of the airport . The airport was developed by the engineering company Mowlem in 1986-1987 and is now owned by a consortium comprising AIG Financial Products Corp. and Global Infrastructure Partners ( GIP ) . London City Airport has a 1500 meters (4900 feet) long track , and a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence . Only multi - engine , fixed-wing aircraft with special certification may perform at London City Airport . From operations In 2012 , London City Airport has more than 3 million passengers handled , an increase of 0.8 % compared to 2011 . It was the fifth busiest airport in terms of passengers and aircraft movements serving the London area after Heathrow , Gatwick , Stansted and Luton and the 15th busiest in the UK . The airport has a master plan which is the vision of the growth produced until 2030. The plan shows an expansion of the airport to a maximum capacity of 8 million passengers per year , without the addition of a second runway and a significant expansion of the airport .
London Luton Airport ( IATA : LTN ) (previously called Luton International Airport ) is an international airport located 2.8 km to the east of the city center in the Borough of Luton in Bedfordshire , England and is 56.5 miles north of downtown London . It is the fourth largest airport in the London area after Heathrow , Gatwick and Stansted , and is one of London's six international airports along with London City and Southend . In 2008 , more than 10 million passengers have used the airport in a year . However , the number of passengers were slightly lower in 2012 - 9.6 million , which Luton was the fifth busiest airport in the UK . The airport serves as a base for EasyJet , Monarch , Thomson Airways and Ryanair . The majority of flights within Europe , although there are some charter and scheduled flights go to destinations in North Africa and Asia .
London Stansted Airport ( IATA : STN ) is a passenger airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the local government district of Uttlesford in Essex , 48 km ( 30 mi ) northeast of central London and 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from the Hertfordshire border . Stansted is a base for a number of major European low - cost carriers and the largest base for low-cost airline Ryanair with over 100 destinations . In 2012 it was the fourth busiest airport in the UK after Heathrow , Gatwick and Manchester . Stansted 's runway is also used by private companies , such as Harrods Aviation , dir private jets and some state visits treats . The airport is owned and operated by the Manchester Airports Group ( MAG) , which also owns and operates three other UK airports .
London Southend Airport ( IATA : SEN ) is an international airport in the district of Rochford in Essex , England . During the 1960s , Southend was the third busiest airport in the UK . It was the third busiest airport in terms of passengers processed London until the end of the 1970s when the role of the " third airport of London " has passed to Stansted . After the purchase by Stobart Group in 2008 , there is an ongoing program of development introduced with a newly built terminal , control tower , extended runway and a regular train service between Southend Airport Station and Liverpool Street Station in central London . EasyJet began providing services by opening a base in Southend in April 2012 . The Irish airline Aer Lingus began regular flights to Dublin in May. As a result , the airport has seen a rapid increase in the number of passengers . Around 617,000 passengers used the airport in calendar year 2012. The airport operators hope that the number of passengers will increase to two million per year by 2020 .