Flights to Jakarta, the capital and largest city of IndonesiaJakarta (Indonesian: Jakarta), officially Special Capital Territory Jakarta (Indonesian Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
It is located on the northwest coast of Java island, on an area of 661 km2. According to the census of 2010, the population is 9,580,000 people. It is Jakarta's economic, cultural and political center of the country. It is the most populous city in Indonesia and throughout Southeast Asia and the twelfth largest in the world.
Dzhabodetabek agglomeration is the second largest in the world. According to 2008research group studying global cities and globalization Jakarta is a global city. The name of the town comes from old Yava name Jayakarta, ie "Victorious deed", "finished work" or "complete victory."
The town was founded in IV century and became an important trading port for the kingdom Zond. Grown over the period as the capital of Dutch India. After the independence of Indonesia, Jakarta became the capital of the country. Previous names were Zond Kelapa (397-1527), Dzhayakarta (1527-1619) and Batavia (1619-1942). By 1972, the name "Jakarta" in Indonesian is written as Djakarta, while it is replaced with the current spelling Jakarta.
Famous sights include the National Monument and the Mosque "Avenue". The city hosts the ASEAN Secretariat.
Jakarta is primarily a city of business and politics. The old part of the city was built as a famous tourist destination. The city, however, saw an opportunity to develop further the city's reputation as a center for tourism and services. There are many new improvements in infrastructure, buildings and hotels, entertainment and world-class restaurants in connection with the development of tourism in Jakarta. The city also has many sites of historical and cultural heritage.
The National Monument was erected in the center of the square "Merdeka" central park of the city. Near the monument is a statue of the hero Arjuna Vijaya from the epic 'Mahabharata' in a chariot and a fountain. In the south is "Jalan Tamrin 'main avenue of Jakarta, and the statue" Selam Datang "(" Welcome "in Indonesian) on the fountain in the center of the roundabout in front of hotel" Indonesia ". Other notable sights include the mosque "Avenue" Cathedral and the Monument of Papuan liberation movement. Wisma 46 building in the city center is the tallest building in Jakarta and across Indonesia. Tourist attractions include Taman Mini Indonesia, indan zoo "Ragunan", old town and the Ancol Dreamland complex on the coast of Jakarta Bay.
Most tourists in Jakarta are residents of Indonesia, mostly from the neighboring provinces of West Java, Bant, Lampung and Central Java. As a kind of gateway to Indonesia Jakarta is a famous stopover for foreign tourists on their way to Indonesian popular tourist destinations of Bali and Yogyakarta. Most foreign visitors come from the neighboring ASEAN countries in order to visit the city for shopping, as it is well known for its cheap but good quality products, especially textiles, craft products and clothing.
In Jakarta were built many shopping malls, other shopping centers and traditional markets. The largest parks are Suropati, Lapagan Banteng, and Medan Merdeka (monks).
International Soekarno-Hatta Airport is the main airport in Greater Jakarta. It is named after the first President of Indonesia Sukarno and his Vice President Mohammed Hatta. Indonesians often call it Chengkareng. The IATA code of the airport CGK comes from the name of the neighborhood in northeastern Chengkareng Jakarta. It is the busiest airport in Indonesia each year handling more than 30 million passengers. Perdanakasuma Halim International Airport (IATA: HLP) is handling VIP flights of celebrities and presidents.