Flights to Bangkok, the capital and largest city of ThailandBangkok is the capital and largest city of Thailand.
Situated at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River in the Gulf of Thailand. Its population is about 9.1 million people, while the urbanized area around it - about 12 million people (2008). Bangkok is also one of the 76 provinces of Thailand.
The town was established on the site of an earlier settlement, which in the late 18th century it became the capital of Siam. During the next 2 centuries it became the main political and economic center of Thailand. In the period of rapid economic development in Southeast Asia in the late 20th century in Bangkok were established regional headquarters of many large companies. In 2009 it was rated as the 2nd most expensive city in Southeast Asia after Singapore.
According to the etymology of the short name of the city Bangkok comes from "Ban" - name for a town situated on the banks of the river. It is assumed that the second part of the name comes either from the "KOK" tree Spanish tropical plum (Spondias mombin), or the "Koch" island.
Suvarnabhumi Airport, pronounced [sù.wān.nā.pʰūːm]; from Sanskrit, सुवर्णभूमि, meaning Golden Land), (IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is one of two international airports serving Bangkok, Thailand. The other one is Don Mueang International Airport.
Suvarnabhumi was officially opened for limited domestic flight services on 15 September 2006, and opened for most domestic and all international commercial flights on 28 September 2006.
The airport is currently the main hub for Thai Airways International, Bangkok Airways and Orient Thai Airlines. It also serves as regional gateway and connecting point for various foreign carriers.
The airport is located in Racha Thewa in Bang Phli district, Samut Prakan Province, about 25 kilometres (16 miles) east of downtown Bangkok. The name Suvarnabhumi was chosen by King Bhumibol Adulyadej and refers to the golden kingdom hypothesised to have been located somewhere in Southeast Asia.
The building was designed by Helmut Jahn of Murphy / Jahn Architects. It was constructed primarily by ITO JV. The airport has the world's tallest free-standing control tower (132.2 meters or 434 feet), and the world's fourth largest single-building airport terminal (563,000 square meters or 6,060,000 square feet).
Suvarnabhumi is the sixth busiest airport in Asia, and the busiest in the country, having handled 47.9 million passengers in 2011, and is also a major air cargo hub, with a total of 96 airlines. On social networks, Suvarnabhumi is the world's most popular place where Instagram photographs were taken in 2012.
The airport inherited the airport code, BKK, from Don Mueang after the older airport ceased international commercial flights. A modern motorway no.7 connects the airport, Bangkok, and the heavily industrial Eastern Seaboard of Thailand, where most of the manufacturing for export takes place.