Airline tickets to Istanbul, the largest city in TurkeyIstanbul or Constantinople (Turkish: İstanbul, / istanbuɫ /), whose first historical name is Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον), also known as Istanbul and Constantinople is the largest city in Turkey, representing the economic, cultural and historic heart of the country . With a population of 13.5 million, the city forms one of the largest conurbations in Europe and is one of the largest cities in the country and and in the world. The area of Istanbul is 5,343 square kilometers and is coterminous with the province of Istanbul, which is the administrative capital. Istanbul is a transcontinental city located on the Bosphorus pass through one of the busiest waterways in the world. His commercial and historic center is located in Europe, and a third of its population lives in Asia. Founded in 660 BC as Byzantium, later Constantinople, even Istanbul, Istanbul has developed to become one of the most important cities in the world history.
For nearly sixteen centuries it served as the capital of four empires: Roman Empire (330-395), the Byzantine Empire (395-1204 and 1261-1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261) and the Ottoman Empire (1453-1922). He was instrumental in the development of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 and turn it into an Islamic stronghold and seat of the Islamic caliphate. Nowadays, although the Republic of Turkey established its capital in Ankara, imperial legacy in the city are still visible reminder of the former central city. Istanbul occupies a strategic position along the historic Silk Road between the Black Sea, Marmara and Mediterranean. Nowadays, the town regained its former power. Studded with one of the most complex transport networks in the world, across the Bosphorus are build 2 hanging bridges, under construction is the third. By 2014 it is expected to be built a tunnel under the Bosphorus "Marmaray" that will connect the two parts of the city under the waters of the Bosphorus. On both sides of the strait stretch powerful industrial areas dotted with skyscrapers. The population grew tenfold from 1950 to the present.
In 2010, Istanbul is the European Capital of Culture and becomes the tenth most popular destination in the world with seven million foreign visitors. Much of the historic center is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. As a global city, Istanbul is the seat of many Turkish firms and media companies. Hoping to take advantage of its fast expansion, Istanbul apply for 2020 Summer Olympics.
Sabiha Gokcen Airport is one of the international airports serving the city of Istanbul in Turkey. It was named on the first woman in the world, piloted fighter. It is situated 35 km southeast of Istanbul, its Asian part. The airport was built to take some of the significant increase in traffic to Ataturk Airport on the European side of the city. Has a terminal for domestic flights within the country and international terminal. As a result of upgrade and expansion, completed in October 2009, they were merged into one building. The passenger traffic counts 25 million passengers a year.
In September 2010, Sabiha Gokcen Airport won the award for best airport in the world at the World Congress of low-cost airlines in London.
Among the large number of airline departures and arrivals of Istanbul's Sabiha Gokcen Airport are Turkish Airlines, Sun Express, Spanair, Pegasus Airlines, Petra Airlines, EasyJet, Air Arabia and others. There are seasonal flights and low cost airline Germanwings, Condor,
Norwegian, Sun Express, Transavia, Wizzair
Ataturk Airport is the main airport serving the Turkish city of Istanbul. Unlike the other airport of the city, Sabiha Gokcen Airport, Ataturk is located in the European part of Istanbul, 24 km west of the city center. It is named after the founder and first president of the Turkish Republic - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In 2011 it was the 29th busiest airport in the world and 8th in passenger traffic in Europe, with more than 37 million passengers served.
The airport has four terminals, one of which is a cargo terminal and serves private planes and charter flights. There are two passenger terminals, Terminal 1 is serving passengers from domestic flights, while Terminal 2 is International. Ataturk Airport is the headquarters of the Turkish national carrier Turkish Airlines, and the airlines Onur Air and Atlasjet.
Other airlines offering flights to and from Istanbul airport are Pegasus Airlines, Aeroflot, Alitalia, Gulf Air, KLM, Air France, Emirates, Olympic Air, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways, United Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa, EgyptAir , Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Aerosvit, Air Malta and others.