Flights to Sydney, the largest and oldest city in Australia, located in New South WalesSydney (English: Sydney) is the largest and oldest city in Australia (founded in 1778), located in New South Wales. With the suburbs population is around 4.3 million (2005) and the population in the central part is about 146,297 people. Sydney and its suburbs are considered the largest financial, transport, trade and cultural center in Australia, rivaled only slightly by Melbourne.
Sydney is a significant global and domestic tourist destination and is often declared to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world, revered for its harbor, beautiful coastline, warm climate and urban life. XXVII Summer Olympic Games in 2000, significantly contribute to the promotion of the city. The city is also recognized for the home to two of the world's architectural values - the Sydney Opera House and the Harbor Bridge. Shopping, numerous cultural and sporting events, architecture, historic sites and spectacular scenery of the city attracts many tourists from Australia and around the world. According to statistics, in 2004 the city was visited by 7.8 million Australian tourists and 2.5 million visitors from abroad.
The central business district of Sydney is located along about 3 km south of the bay area to the Central Station, and is bordered to the east by a series of parks and in the West – by Darling Harbor, a tourist neighborhood with an active nightlife. Although initially the central region dominated the economic and cultural life of the city, after World War II in order to develop secondary business and cultural centers, such were arranged radial around it. Along with the commercial district of North Sydney, affiliated to the Central business district through the Sydney Harbor Bridge, the main business districts are Parramatta and Penrith in the west, Bondi Junction in the east, Liverpool in the Southwest, Chatsuud in the north and Hartsvil in the south.
The territory of Sydney has a large number of open spaces, the city has access to pools and even the city center has numerous parks and gardens. In the Central Business District are the Chinese Garden of Friendship, Hyde Park, the Domain and Royal Botanic Gardens. Within the urban agglomeration are several national parks, including the Royal National Park, the second oldest national park in the world. Several parks in the extreme western parts of Sydney are part of the inclusion in the list of World Heritage Area of Great Blue Mountains.
Park Domain was established by Governor Arthur Phillip just six months after the arrival of the first settlers. It was originally intended for governors, but in the 30s is open to the public. Hyde Park was opened on 13 October 1810 by Governor Lachlan Macquarie for the "recreation and amusement of the inhabitants of the town and a field of exercises for the troops". In 1888 was opened The Centenary Park in honor of the centennial anniversary of European settlement. Similarly, in 1988, was opened the Bicentennial Park as well. During the celebrations for the bicentenary was open the Chinese Garden of Friendship, a project to twin Sydney with Chinese city of Guangzhou.
In Sydney, there are many historical buildings with the status of monuments, including the building of the municipality, Queen Victoria Building, Houses of Parliament and the Australian Museum.
No one particular architectural style can characterize the city. The first major buildings and facilities in the city, including the Macquarie Lighthouse, Hyde Park Barracks and Government House, were designed by Francis Greenway Zef. Other notable early architects were James Barnet, who designed the General Post Office, Customs House and many houses, and Edmund Blaket, who designed St. Andrew's Cathedral and St Philip's Church.
The most famous example of modern architecture in Sydney is the Opera opened on 20 October 1973. For her project architect Joern Utzon was awarded the most prestigious award for architecture in the world Pritzker in 2007. The building was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.
Harry Seydlar built many modernist residential and commercial buildings in Sydney, including El Em Center, blocks and Ostreyliya Center Square. His style is in contrast to that of the architects of the 50s and 60s who prefer more natural and organic forms, often concealed by vegetation and using natural local material
Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport (also known as Kingsford-Smith Airport and Sydney Airport; IATA: SYD, ICAO: YSSY; ASX: SYD) is located in the suburbs of Arncliffe and Mascot in Sydney, New South Wales. It is the only major airport serving Sydney, and is a primary hub for Qantas, as well as a secondary hub for Virgin Australia and Jetstar Airways. Situated next to Botany Bay, the airport has three runways, colloquially known as the "east–west", "north–south" and "third" runways.
Sydney Airport is one of the oldest continuously operated airports in the world, and the busiest airport in Australia, handling 36 million passengers in 2010 and 289,741 aircraft movements in 2009. It was the 27th busiest airport in the world in 2010. The airport is managed by Sydney Airport Corporation Limited (SACL) and the current CEO is Kerrie Mather. Flights from Sydney link with all states and territories of Australia. Currently 47 domestic and 43 international destinations are served to Sydney direct.